Blog for Freshmen

This blog is for use by the Freshmen class. You can use this blog for one and only one of your three projects for Q4.

Let the teacher know if you’d like to use this blog and he will create an account for you. If you want your posts to be private, be sure to choose the Private setting under Status & Visibility.

Obesity

From what i can gather, humans eat a lot due to our hardwired survival instincts (The genetics of overeating, 2007)  as well as based on social cues. Also, if we have more food, we typically eat more food without even realizing it.(Bottomless soup, 2005)  Food is extremely abundant, and we have a drive to eat food, because in the past, you may not have food later if it wasn’t eaten now. Nowadays we can preserve things, but before that was difficult, expensive, and sometimes impossible. Disorders are also a cause of overeating that isn’t quite as common. I feel that, from personal experience, sometimes people eat to fill the emptiness of boredom. If I have nothing to do, i tend to go to the pantry to eat something.

Overeating leads to obesity, an even bigger issue. Obesity is a massive problem in today’s world, and a lot of it stems from the overabundance of food. Food is, at least in most western countries, very abundant and easy to obtain. This, alongside the drive to eat and increasingly easy ways to get food by doing little, causes people to splurge on tons of junk food.

I believe the most likely cause for obesity, is not lack of exercise, but overeating. This has become a gargantuan problem in our world.

Lack of exercise is a major cause of obesity and chronic diseases. (Lack of exercise is a cause of chronic diseases, 2012) Without exercise, ou will likely gain weight, compound this with overeating, and you have a very easy way to be obese.

What the world eats / photographed by Peter Menzel ; written by Faith D’Aluisio

http://slic.dodea.edu/iii/encore/record/C__Rb1041871__Sdiet__Lf%3Afacetcollections%3A154%3A154%3AEdgren%2BHS%3A%3A__Ff%3Afacetcollections%3A154%3A154%3AEdgren%2BHS%3A%3A__P0%2C12__Orightresult__U__X3?lang=eng&suite=pearl

https://www.wired.com/2011/11/why-do-people-eat-too-much/

http://www.mindlesseating.org/lastsupper/pdf/bottomless_soup-OR_2005.pdf

https://www.webmd.com/diet/default.htm

https://www.eatingdisorderhope.com/information/eating-disorder

http://go.galegroup.com/ps/headerQuickSearch.do?quickSearchTerm=overeating&inputFieldNames%5B0%5D=OQE&searchType=BasicSearchForm&userGroupName=robehs&nwf=y&prodId=SUIC&stw.option=&ebook=&quicksearchIndex=OQE&spellCheck=true&hasCoProduct=false&collectionId=&seriesId=&contentModuleId=&edition=&prevQuickSearchIndex=OQE&prevQuickSearchTerm=diet

The genetics of overeating. (Biomedicine). (2003). Science, 300(5616), 21. Retrieved from http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A100174238/SUIC?u=robehs&sid=SUIC&xid=afa12e5f


Importance of Sleep

We all know how important it is to sleep. No matter how much energy we have had during the day, you will go to bed at last. But we only know that sleep is important, but not much about why we can’t fall asleep, or how we dream during our sleep. This report will be digging deep about something we didn’t know about sleep.

Have you ever thought about how long can we go without sleeping? We always stay up late or might even stay up all day and night and spend 24 hours awake. But we, or at least I haven’t tried to push my limits to how long we can stay up. There was an experience in 1964, to see how long can we last without sleeping. In this experiment, a high schooler, Randy Gardner stayed awake for 264 hours. But the current world record from 2010 is 266 hours, which is around 11 days. It is explained that in the first 24 hours of staying up, you will feel drowsiness, reduced coordination, short term memory problems, and a muscle tension. In 48 hours, these conditions would worsen and your brain will enter the micro sleep, which will occur involuntarily and will last for few seconds. In 72 hours, you can have difficulties with multitasking, communication with others, and also can have depressions.

What kind of effects do people get when they don’t get enough sleep? Having not enough sleep is called sleep deprivation. There are many kinds of effects, and it also varies between people but the main effects are mood swings, less concentration, and increasing appetite which can leave to weight gain. So if you are having trouble with your weight gaining, you might want to check how much sleep you are getting. Sleep deprivation will not literally kill you, but you can die by getting in a car crash from not paying attention to the road being sleepy. You can also have a long-term effects from sleep deprivation. you can have diabetes, obesity, and even heart disease.

There are mainly 5 reasons why you can have trouble sleeping. The 1st reason is that your sleeping schedule is inconsistent. If you don’t sleep and wake up at the same time every day, your body won’t get used to your sleeping routine, and it will make it more difficult for you to fall asleep. Also taking naps will make it difficult for you to fall asleep which will break your sleeping routine, or your body will get used to taking naps in the middle of the day that you’ll be sleepy around the time you took a nap last time. To fix this, try to practice to sleep at the same time every day as much as possible, so your body can get into your healthy sleeping routine, and try to get at least 7 hours of sleep every night.

The 2nd reason is using electronics. When you use your phone before you go to bed or watching TV, the blue light that goes into your eyes from any devices will wake your brain up. So if you want to go through your phone before bed, you should have your screen on a night mode so soften your blue light.

The 3rd reason is caffeine. Eating before sleep can wake you up because you have to digest it and your body will be active, but having caffeine can wake you up the most. Not only coffee, but sodas have caffeine in them too. If you want to eat, you should eat at least 3-4 hours before you go to bed, but if you are going to consume caffeine, the latest time should be at 2 pm.

The 4th reason is stress. Having stress will give you poor quality of sleep, which you end up needing more sleep during the day. This becomes a cycle. By having less sleep, your body will produce stress hormones, making it harder for you to have a good quality sleep. So before you go to bed, take time to relax and do something that can help with your stress. Listen to music, read, yoga, anything.

The 5th reason is exercising before sleep. When you exercise, your heart rate will go up, and your body will try to get more oxygen in your body, giving energy to yourself before bed. So when you want to exercise, you should finish at least 4 hours before you go to bed. Besides all these reasons why you can have trouble sleeping, if you take a warm shower and sleep in a room with a cool temperature can help give you a good quality sleep.

It’s not that we dream every day, but sometimes we have entertaining dreams, sad dreams, or even nightmares. We only dream during our REM sleep, and never during non-REM (NREM) sleep. But have you ever wondered why, or how you dream? Well, no one really knows why exactly we dream. But some scientists say that dreaming can come from our mental, emotional, and physical health. But it is said that sometimes dreams help us solve problems that we have in real life or incorporate memories. Nightmares are normal between adults and children, and it’s more likely to be caused by stress, trauma, or emotional problems.

In conclusion, stress most likely affects our sleep and dreams negatively. But there are so many more reasons why we can have trouble sleeping, so we need to look out for ourselves on a daily basis for better quality sleep.  Researching about sleep made me realize why sleeping is important and that I have to actually try and have a better quality of sleep so I won’t stress over it and I can concentrate more on my school works.

-Resources-

Eske, Jamie. “How Long Can You Go without Sleep?: Effects of Sleep Deprivation.” Medical News Today, MediLexicon International, www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/324799.php.

“Sleep Disorders and Problems.” HelpGuide.org, 21 Mar. 2019, www.helpguide.org/articles/sleep/sleep-disorders-and-problems.htm/.

“Trouble Falling Asleep: 5 Reasons Why.” SleepScore, 20 Feb. 2019, www.sleepscore.com/5-reasons-might-trouble-falling-asleep/.

“How Does Stress Affect Sleep?” Sleep.org, www.sleep.org/articles/sleep-and-stress/.

Klein, Sarah, and Sarah Klein. “9 Things You Probably Didn’t Know About Dreaming.” HuffPost, HuffPost, 7 Dec. 2017, www.huffpost.com/entry/dream-facts-dreaming_n_4824935.

Leonard, Jayne. “REM Sleep: Definition, Functions, the Effects of Alcohol, and Disorders.” Medical News Today, MediLexicon International, 1 Sept. 2017, www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/247927.php.

What Affects Teens Health?

I believe many thing add up to to teens well beings. Teens are different comparatively to kids and adults. Teens are at a very emotional age. Teens are having to experience a very stressful time. My end goal of this blog is for you to be able to have a balanced lifestyle that will assist in a teens’s overall well being.

Academic Stress:

Teens have a lot of academic stress. They have pressure such as pleasing their parents, accomplishing assignments, studying for tests, focusing on SAT or ACT scores, getting into college, and trying to discern what they want to do in the future.What teens do in their high school years affect their options for their future. College application and applications for grants and scholarships can be very stressful to teenagers. One thing that decides whether or not you are going to collage at your “dream school”. Being stressed about academics or worrying future “what ifs” does not help your well being. Rather than continuously being stressed, you should work toward your goal and attempt to focus on those goals that are achievable.

Acne:

If you don’t know what acne is already “Acne, also called acne vulgaris, is a common skin disorder of adolescence caused by inflammation of the sebaceous (pronounced suh-BAY-shus) glands” (Ance). It is something that most kids can’t control. Kids can wash and wash their face and still have acne. I believe this negatively impacts there self image and sometimes creeps into the development of self worth during this adolescence period. We all see teenagers on social media, television or YouTube with with clear or perfect skin. This is also a contributing factor to teenagers well being and mental state. I thinks teens should have more posts about people kids embracing there acne rather than hiding it with makeup. This unrealistic image of how people portray themselves as always being picture ready without blemishes has a negative impact on the culture and creates issues with self confidence.

Alcohol:

Peer pressure leads a lot of kids into doing things that they don’t want do. Alcohol is a prime example of this. “According to national survey data, 61% of adolescents in the United States report initiating drinking by the end of high school (Johnston, O’Malley, Miech, Bachman, & Schule-nberg, 2017)”(Reducing Alcohol-Related Consequences Among High School Seniors: Efficacy of a Brief, Web-Based Intervention). “Drinking is more harmful to teens than adults because their brains are still developing throughout adolescence and well into young adulthood. Drinking during this critical growth period can lead to lifelong damage in brain function, particularly as it relates to memory, motor skills (ability to move) and coordination”(Drug-Free World). I believe teens would have a healthier lifestyle if they diverted from alcohol.

Body image:

Body image refers to the feelings people have about the way their bodies look”(Body Image). Body image can be positive or negative, and the sad thing is a lot of teens have a negative body image. Seeing yourself in a negative manner can hurt. “People who have a negative body image often experience mental and physical health issues, and long-lasting negative self-perception can lead to anxiety, depression, and eating disorders such as anorexia or bulimia”(Body Image). Eating disorders can really mess up your health. You shouldn’t try to look a certain way to impress people. You should try to feel amazing in your body. Self esteem is key for a healthy image of your body.

Bullying:

Bullying can happen to anyone at any time. “Bullying is a widespread problem that can occur anywhere people are, but it is most notable in schools and among young people”(Bullying). Through social media you are able to spread lies, verbally abuse, and even end friendships. Teens are at a very emotional state in there lives, and they do not need bullies in their life. I believe teens need a bully free environment to have the fullest life possible.

Drugs:

Drugs are non food chemicals that alter the way a person thinks, feels, functions, or behaves”(Drugs: A Definition). Some drugs are prescription drugs which are good for you when prescribed by doctors, but some drugs are not good. Drugs can become addictive, and drugs can affect the mind. Drugs can stop your brain from developing. You can frying your brain on drugs at a young age, so teen shouldn’t do drugs if they want a balanced lifestyle.

Family Life:

While adapting to changes and dealing with the external influences that many teens face, some also have issues at home that compound problems. There can be problems with siblings and parents. Many brothers and sisters are going through many of these same changes that I have listed in this project. Each of them affecting people differently. Some children don’t grow up in homes with both parents or have extended separations during these vital years. How we address one another and what we do to communicate with each other  about how we feel to those around us drastically plays a part in this area.

Mental Disorders:

Mental health disorders, also called mental illnesses, interfere with a person’s ability to think, feel, function, express moods and emotions, and relate to other people”(Mental Disorders).

Mental disorders can be caused by many things such as “Genetics(heredity), Infections, Brain defects or injury, Prenatal damage, Substance abuse, and Other factors”( Causes of Mental Illness). There are many types of mental disorders. There are “Anxiety Disorders, Mood Disorders, Psychotic Disorders, Addiction/impulse control disorders, Behavior disorders, Developmental and cognitive disorders, Dissociative disorders, and Eating disorders.Each have their own effect, and can impact a teens well being.

Nutricaian:

Nutrition is important if you want to maintain your health. “Doctors and nutritionists suggest that only a balanced diet can provide us with essential nutrients and minerals necessary for growth and repair of wear or tear of our body”(Importance of nutrition).

Positive Thinking:

I believe positive thinking is key to your health and well being. “A person with positive thinking mentality anticipates happiness, health and success, and believes that he or she can overcome any obstacle and difficulty”(The Power of Positive Thinking). Have you ever been asked if a glass of water was half-full or half-empty. “Optimists will usually say the glass is half-full, whereas pessimists will usually point out that it’s half-empty”(Is the Glass Half-Full or Half-Empty?). I believe a positive thinking has an influence on how you see the glass.

Sexual Relationships:

Sexual relationships can really affect teens. They can end up with STDs or being pregnant. Teens can feel pressured into things they don’t want. “Peer pressure also contributes to teen pregnancy. Teens may allow friends or romantic partners to pressure them into having sex earlier than they would have liked, and the act may lead to an accidental pregnancy. Drugs and alcohol also can impact a teen’s decision to have sex. Teens who use drugs or drink alcohol are more likely to become pregnant because these substances alter the mind and can cause a loss of inhibitions or control. Lastly, rape and sexual abuse, or molestation, are sometimes to blame for teen pregnancies. Some teens are forced into having unwanted sex, which can lead to unintended pregnancies”(Teen Pregnancy). Sexual relationships are a serious matter and should be treated as such.

Sleep:

Sleep is something a lot of people need more of. Teenager supposably not supposed to take naps because that’s what kindergarteners do, but I disagree heavily. Teenager should get the same number or sleep, yet teens are always staying up late to meet deadlines on assignments. I believe they grow significantly in middle/high school.  They have to experience new hormones so i believe they should sleep more to help them grow and develop.

Social Life/Social Media:

Social Media can hurt people. You see hateful comments, few likes, and even bullying. Some kids have little to no friends. I believe all kids need friends. From personal experience, moving can break up lots of friendships, and making new friends gets tedious and hard. I believe you don’t need a lot of fake friends. All you need is one really good friend.

Suicide:

No one should feel like suicide is there only option. There is always another option. Life can always get better.

I believe there are many more subject that impact teens overall health and well-being, but I hit the topics which I believe are important to me.

Reference List:

Gale:

Acne. (2008). In UXL Science. Detroit, MI: UXL. Retrieved from http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CV2646000012/SUIC?u=robehs&sid=SUIC&xid=2a160c34

Doumas, D. M., & Esp, S. (2019). Reducing Alcohol-Related Consequences Among High School Seniors: Efficacy of a Brief, Web-Based Intervention. Journal of Counseling and Development, 97(1), 53+. Retrieved from http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A574056091/SUIC?u=robehs&sid=SUIC&xid=ae83629b

Alters, S. M. (2010). Drugs: A Definition. In Information Plus Reference Series. Alcohol, Tobacco, and Illicit Drugs (2009 ed.). Detroit, MI: Gale. Retrieved from http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/EJ3020790101/SUIC?u=robehs&sid=SUIC&xid=4a517a6d

Mental Disorders. (2018). In Gale Student Resources in Context. Detroit, MI: Gale. Retrieved May 3, 2019, from http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/OBTFDI800495972/SUIC?u=robehs&sid=SUIC&xid=f6784f58

Teen Pregnancy. (2018). In Gale Student Resources in Context. Detroit, MI: Gale. Retrieved from http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/PJDDBR673219955/SUIC?u=robehs&sid=SUIC&xid=a2800e83

Non-gale websites:

Foundation for a Drug-Free World. (2006-2019). How Does Alcohol Affect the Brain? Effects of Alcohol on Teenagers – Drug-Free World. Retrieved May 2, 2019, from https://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/alcohol/understanding-affects-on-body.html

WebMD. (2005-2019). Causes of Mental Illness. Retrieved May 1, 2019, from https://www.webmd.com/mental-health/mental-health-causes-mental-illness#1

S, C. (2018, December 03). Importance of Nutrition. Retrieved May 3, 2019, from https://nutrineat.com/importance-of-nutrition

Remez Sasson. (2001-2019). The Power of Positive Thinking. Retrieved May 3, 2019, from https://www.successconsciousness.com/index_000009.htm

National Center for Families Learning. (2014-2019). Is the Glass Half-Full or Half-Empty? Retrieved May 3, 2019, from https://www.wonderopolis.org/wonder/is-the-glass-half-full-or-half-empty

Photo Reference List:

Fuchs, H. (2017, September 07). 10 Tips to Deal with Academic Stress | Teen Mental Health | OPG. Retrieved April 26, 2019, from https://oconnorpg.com/10-tips-deal-academic-stress/

Torrey, T. (2018, September 7). Many Lifestyle Drugs Need a Prescription in Order to Be Used. Retrieved April 26, 2019, from https://www.verywellhealth.com/what-are-lifestyle-drugs-2615126

Step, V. (2018, June 28). 10 Examples Where the Power of Positive Thinking Kicks Ass! Retrieved May 2, 2019, from https://gedground.com/power-of-positive-thinking/

Lyons, J. (2019, February 18). How much social media is too much for a teen? | Norton Children’s Louisville, Ky. Retrieved May 2, 2019, from https://nortonchildrens.com/news/how-much-social-media-is-too-much-for-a-teen/

Body Image. (2017). In Gale Student Resources in Context. Detroit, MI: Gale. Retrieved from http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/TWFZZC756922095/SUIC?u=robehs&sid=SUIC&xid=9b47702b